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Archive for the ‘Programavimas’ Category

CMD kintamieji

Posted on August 10th, 2015

%APPDATA% C:\Users\{username}\AppData\Roaming
%CommonProgramFiles% C:\Program Files\Common Files
%COMMONPROGRAMFILES(x86)% C:\Program Files (x86)\Common Files
%COMPUTERNAME% {computername}
%COMSPEC% C:\Windows\System32\cmd.exe or if running a 32 bit WOW – C:\Windows\SysWOW64\cmd.exe
%DATE% The current date using same region specific format as DATE.
%ERRORLEVEL% The current ERRORLEVEL value, automatically set when a program exits.
%HOMEPATH% \Users\{username}
%LOCALAPPDATA% C:\Users\{username}\AppData\Local
%LOGONSERVER% \\{domain_logon_server}-PC pavadinimas
%NUMBER_OF_PROCESSORS% The Number of processors running on the machine.
%OS% Operating system on the user’s workstation.
%PATH% C:\Windows\System32\;C:\Windows\;C:\Windows\System32\Wbem;{plus program paths}
The syntax is like the PATH variable – semicolon separators.
%PROCESSOR_ARCHITECTURE% AMD64/IA64/x86 This doesn’t tell you the architecture of the processor but only of the current process, so it returns “x86” for a 32 bit WOW process running on 64 bit Windows. See detecting OS 32/64 bit
%PROCESSOR_ARCHITEW6432% =%ProgramFiles% (only available on 64 bit systems)
%PROCESSOR_IDENTIFIER% Processor ID of the user’s workstation.
%PROCESSOR_LEVEL% Processor level of the user’s workstation.
%ProgramW6432% =%PROCESSOR_ARCHITECTURE% (only available on 64 bit systems)
%ProgramData% C:\ProgramData
%ProgramFiles% C:\Program Files
%ProgramFiles(x86)% C:\Program Files (x86)
%PSModulePath% %SystemRoot%\system32\WindowsPowerShell\v1.0\Modules\
%Public% C:\Users\Public
%RANDOM% A random decimal number between 0 and 32767.
%TEMP% and %TMP% C:\Users\{Username}\AppData\Local\Temp
Under XP this was \{username}\Local Settings\Temp
%TIME% The current time using same format as TIME.
%USERNAME% {username}
%USERPROFILE% %SystemDrive%\Users\{username}
This is equivalent to the $HOME environment variable in Unix/Linux
%WINDIR% C:\Windows

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Win Pass keitimas/pašalinimas be jokių programų.

Posted on August 9th, 2015



Per Win rekoverį ar repairą persivadinam cmd.exe į sethc.exe

Užsivedam Win iki pass vedimo.

Išsikviečiam sethc.exe ir pasižiūrim kokie vartotojai yra:

net user

Keičiam pass su komanda:

net user vartotojas slaptažodis

jei neparašysim slaptažodžio, slaptažodis bus pašalintas.


Priskirta prie Programavimas, Windows | Comments (0)

An A-Z Index of the Windows CMD command line

Posted on August 9th, 2015

ADDUSERS Add or list users to/from a CSV file
ADmodcmd Active Directory Bulk Modify
ARP      Address Resolution Protocol
ASSOC    Change file extension associations•
ASSOCIAT One step file association
AT       Schedule a command to run at a specific time
ATTRIB   Change file attributes

BCDBOOT  Create or repair a system partition
BCDEDIT  Manage Boot Configuration Data
BITSADMIN Background Intelligent Transfer Service
BOOTCFG  Edit Windows boot settings
BROWSTAT Get domain, browser and PDC info

CACLS    Change file permissions
CALL     Call one batch program from another•
CERTREQ  Request certificate from a certification authority
CERTUTIL Utility for certification authority (CA) files and services
CD       Change Directory – move to a specific Folder•
CHANGE   Change Terminal Server Session properties
CHKDSK   Check Disk – check and repair disk problems
CHKNTFS  Check the NTFS file system
CHOICE   Accept keyboard input to a batch file
CIPHER   Encrypt or Decrypt files/folders
CleanMgr Automated cleanup of Temp files, recycle bin
CLIP     Copy STDIN to the Windows clipboard
CLS      Clear the screen•
CMD      Start a new CMD shell
CMDKEY   Manage stored usernames/passwords
COLOR    Change colors of the CMD window•
COMP     Compare the contents of two files or sets of files
COMPACT  Compress files or folders on an NTFS partition
COMPRESS Compress one or more files
CONVERT  Convert a FAT drive to NTFS
COPY     Copy one or more files to another location•
CSCcmd   Client-side caching (Offline Files)
CSVDE    Import or Export Active Directory data

DATE     Display or set the date•
DEFRAG   Defragment hard drive
DEL      Delete one or more files•
DELPROF  Delete user profiles
DELTREE  Delete a folder and all subfolders
DevCon   Device Manager Command Line Utility
DIR      Display a list of files and folders•
DIRQUOTA File Server Resource Manager Disk quotas
DIRUSE   Display disk usage
DISKPART Disk Administration
DISKSHADOW Volume Shadow Copy Service
DISKUSE  Show the space used in folders
DOSKEY   Edit command line, recall commands, and create macros
DriverQuery Display installed device drivers
DSACLs   Active Directory ACLs
DSAdd    Add items to active directory (user group computer)
DSGet    View items in active directory (user group computer)
DSQuery  Search for items in active directory (user group computer)
DSMod    Modify items in active directory (user group computer)
DSMove   Move an Active directory Object
DSRM     Remove items from Active Directory

ECHO     Display message on screen•
ENDLOCAL End localisation of environment changes in a batch file•
ERASE    Delete one or more files•
EVENTCREATE Add a message to the Windows event log
EXIT     Quit the current script/routine and set an errorlevel•
EXPAND   Uncompress CAB files
EXTRACT  Uncompress CAB files

FC       Compare two files
FIND     Search for a text string in a file
FINDSTR  Search for strings in files
FOR /F   Loop command: against a set of files•
FOR /F   Loop command: against the results of another command•
FOR      Loop command: all options Files, Directory, List•
FORFILES Batch process multiple files
FORMAT   Format a disk
FREEDISK Check free disk space
FSUTIL   File and Volume utilities
FTP      File Transfer Protocol
FTYPE    File extension file type associations•

GETMAC   Display the Media Access Control (MAC) address
GOTO     Direct a batch program to jump to a labelled line•
GPRESULT Display Resultant Set of Policy information
GPUPDATE Update Group Policy settings

HELP     Online Help
HOSTNAME Display the host name of the computer

iCACLS   Change file and folder permissions
IF       Conditionally perform a command•
IFMEMBER Is the current user a member of a group
INUSE    Replace files that are in use by the OS

LABEL    Edit a disk label
LOGMAN   Manage Performance Monitor logs
LOGOFF   Log a user off
LOGTIME  Log the date and time in a file

MAKECAB  Create .CAB files
MAPISEND Send email from the command line
MBSAcli  Baseline Security Analyzer
MEM      Display memory usage
MD       Create new folders•
MKLINK   Create a symbolic link (linkd) •
MODE     Configure a system device COM/LPT/CON
MORE     Display output, one screen at a time
MOUNTVOL Manage a volume mount point
MOVE     Move files from one folder to another•
MOVEUSER Move a user from one domain to another
MSG      Send a message
MSIEXEC  Microsoft Windows Installer
MSINFO32 System Information
MSTSC    Terminal Server Connection (Remote Desktop Protocol)

NET      Manage network resources
NETDOM   Domain Manager
NETSH    Configure Network Interfaces, Windows Firewall & Remote access
NBTSTAT  Display networking statistics (NetBIOS over TCP/IP)
NETSTAT  Display networking statistics (TCP/IP)
NLSINFO  Display locale information (reskit).
NLTEST   Network Location Test (AD)
NOW      Display the current Date and Time
NSLOOKUP Name server lookup
NTBACKUP Backup folders to tape
NTDSUtil Active Directory Domain Services management
NTRIGHTS Edit user account rights
NVSPBIND Modify network bindings

OPENFILES Query or display open files

PATH     Display or set a search path for executable files•
PATHPING Trace route plus network latency and packet loss
PAUSE    Suspend processing of a batch file and display a message•
PERMS    Show permissions for a user
PERFMON  Performance Monitor
PING     Test a network connection
POPD     Return to a previous directory saved by PUSHD•
PORTQRY  Display the status of ports and services
POWERCFG Configure power settings
PRINT    Print a text file
PRINTBRM Print queue Backup/Recovery
PRNCNFG  Configure or rename a printer
PRNMNGR  Add, delete, list printers and printer connections
ProcDump Monitor an application for CPU spikes
PROMPT   Change the command prompt•
PsExec     Execute process remotely
PsFile     Show files opened remotely
PsGetSid   Display the SID of a computer or a user
PsInfo     List information about a system
PsKill     Kill processes by name or process ID
PsList     List detailed information about processes
PsLoggedOn Who’s logged on (locally or via resource sharing)
PsLogList  Event log records
PsPasswd   Change account password
PsPing     Measure network performance
PsService  View and control services
PsShutdown Shutdown or reboot a computer
PsSuspend  Suspend processes
PUSHD    Save and then change the current directory•

QGREP    Search file(s) for lines that match a given pattern
Query Process / QPROCESS  Display processes
Query Session / QWinsta   Display all sessions (TS/Remote Desktop)
Query TermServer /QAppSrv List all servers (TS/Remote Desktop)
Query User    / QUSER     Display user sessions (TS/Remote Desktop)

RASDIAL  Manage RAS connections
RASPHONE Manage RAS connections
RECOVER  Recover a damaged file from a defective disk
REG      Registry: Read, Set, Export, Delete keys and values
REGEDIT  Import or export registry settings
REGSVR32 Register or unregister a DLL
REGINI   Change Registry Permissions
REM      Record comments (remarks) in a batch file•
REN      Rename a file or files•
REPLACE  Replace or update one file with another
Reset Session  Delete a Remote Desktop Session
RD       Delete folder(s)•
RMTSHARE Share a folder or a printer
ROBOCOPY Robust File and Folder Copy
ROUTE    Manipulate network routing tables
RUN      Start | RUN commands
RUNAS    Execute a program under a different user account
RUNDLL32  Run a DLL command (add/remove print connections)

SC       Service Control
SCHTASKS Schedule a command to run at a specific time
SET      Display, set, or remove session environment variables•
SETLOCAL Control the visibility of environment variables•
SetSPN   Edit Service Principal Names
SETX     Set environment variables
SFC      System File Checker
SHARE    List or edit a file share or print share
ShellRunAs Run a command under a different user account
SHIFT    Shift the position of batch file parameters•
SHORTCUT Create a windows shortcut (.LNK file)
SHUTDOWN Shutdown the computer
SLEEP    Wait for x seconds
SLMGR    Software Licensing Management (Vista/2008)
SORT     Sort input
START    Start a program, command or batch file•
STRINGS  Search for ANSI and UNICODE strings in binary files
SUBINACL Edit file and folder Permissions, Ownership and Domain
SUBST    Associate a path with a drive letter
SYSMON   Monitor and log system activity to the Windows event log
SYSTEMINFO List system configuration

TAKEOWN  Take ownership of a file
TASKLIST List running applications and services
TASKKILL End a running process
TELNET   Communicate with another host using the TELNET protocol
TIME     Display or set the system time•
TIMEOUT  Delay processing of a batch file
TITLE    Set the window title for a CMD.EXE session•
TLIST    Task list with full path
TOUCH    Change file timestamps
TRACERT  Trace route to a remote host
TREE     Graphical display of folder structure
TSDISCON Disconnect a Remote Desktop Session
TSKILL   End a running process
TSSHUTDN Remotely shut down or reboot a terminal server
TYPE     Display the contents of a text file•
TypePerf Write performance data to a log file

VER      Display version information•
VERIFY   Verify that files have been saved•
VOL      Display a disk label•

WAITFOR  Wait for or send a signal
WEVTUTIL Clear event logs, enable/disable/query logs
WHERE    Locate and display files in a directory tree
WHOAMI   Output the current UserName and domain
WINDIFF  Compare the contents of two files or sets of files
WINRM    Windows Remote Management
WINRS    Windows Remote Shell
WMIC     WMI Commands
WUAUCLT  Windows Update

XCACLS   Change file and folder permissions
XCOPY    Copy files and folders
::       Comment / Remark•


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PHP komandos su kuriomis esu susidūręs.

Posted on March 3rd, 2011

Kadangi paskutiniu metu teko išmokti keletą naudingų PHP funkcijų, tai sumasčiau pasirašyti straipsniuką špargalkę, kad jei prireiks ( o tai bus tikrai), nereiketų klaidžioti ir ieškoti. Kolkas tai bus tik PHP funkcijos, ateityje planuoju ir MSQL, todėl paveikslėlis taip pat iš karto orentuojamas į tai 🙂 Skaityti toliau »


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HDD skaldymas, formatavimas su cmd

Posted on February 22nd, 2011

Beklaidžiojant patraukė akį pamokėlė, kaip twarkytis su HDD naudojantis komandine eilute, žinoma tai lengwiau daryti per Disk Managment… Skaityti toliau »


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Protected: Komandinės eilutės komandos ir jų sintaksė.

Posted on October 25th, 2010

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Autorun (autopaleisties) galimybės ir apsauga.

Posted on October 14th, 2010

Nusprendėme pasidalinti žiniomis apie autorun funkciją kuri yra naudojama cd, dvd, flash atmintinėse, atminties kortelėse ir kaikuriais atvejais mp3 grotuvuose ir panašiuose įrenginiuose. Taigi, ši funkcija skirta automatiškai paleisti norimus failus, tai labai naudinga prezentacijose ir panašiuose renginiuose, kada paleidžiama duomenų laikmena su jau paruoštais efektais.
Tačiau ši savybė buvo panaudota užkrėsti kompiuterius virusais ir sudarė nevaržomą terpę jiems plisti, nors šio tipo virusų plitimas po truputį mažėja, tačiau per pastaruosius kelerius metus sugebėjo sudaryti iki 90% visų žinomų virusų. Šiems virusams plisti pati geriausia operacinė sistema yra WINDOWS XP, tolia WINDOWS VISTA, galiausiai Microsoft šią funkciją išėmė iš naujosios WINDOWS 7 operacinės sistemos, konkrečiai tik iš išorinių informacijos kaupiklių, tai neliečia cd ir dvd laikmenų. Nors šią funkciją galima išjungti ir kitose operacinėse sistemose, tačiau atidarant apkrėstą duomenų laikmeną virusai vistiek pasileidžia. Skaityti toliau »


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Paskyrų (account) vagystės

Posted on April 28th, 2010

Pastebėjau daugelis skundžiasi dingstančiais įvairių svetainių paskyromis. Daugelis sako, kad jie dėl to nekalti, gal tai ir tiesa (dalinai). Tai norėčiau bent truputį paaiškinti, kaip galima pavogti svetimą paskyrą. Pradesiu nuo to, kaip negalima 🙂 ! Apvogti asmenys įtarinėja, kad yra programos, kurios duomenis šifruoja iš konkrečios svetainės duomenų bazės, tačiau galiu nuraminti, jai ta duomenu bazė yra saugi kol į ją neįsilaužia, to žmogus pakeisti negali. Taigi, galima pavogti paskyros duomenis tada tik iš asmens, kuris juos žino. Šiuos duomenų gavimo būdus suskirsčiau į dvi kategorijas: scam page’s (netikri puslapiai į kuriuos įvedus duomenis jie yra prieinami to puslapio kūrėjui) ir programos vadinamos steal’eriais, keylogeriais- (šios programos veikia kompiuteryje). Skaityti toliau »


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